Psychosocial risk factors and personality disorders in outpatient cardiology setting
Purpose: The aim of this study is to describe psychological risk factors and personality disorders in outpatient cardiology setting without cardiovascular diseases.
Materials and methods: A cross sectional and multicenter study was conducted. Outpatients over 21 years old without cardiovascular diseases were enrolled. Psychosocial risk factors and personality disorders were assessed. For data analysis, patients were grouped according to the number of cardiovascular risk factors: one (CRF=1), two (CRF=2), three or more (CRF≥3).
Results: 104 adults were enrolled. Mean age 50.66±14.79. 56.7% were male. 46.2% had between three and eight cardiovascular risk factors. 34.6% had two cardiovascular risk factors. 19.2% had one cardiovascular risk factor. Psychosocial risk factors were present in 77.9% and personality disorders in 74%. 70.2% had psychosocial risk factor and personality disorder comorbidities. Statistical differences between groups CRF=1, CRF=2 and CRF≥3 were founded for hostility (p=0.017) and narcissistic personality disorder (p=0.049). Statistical association were founded for obesity and hostility (p=0.033), hereditary and schizotypal personality disorder (p=0.002).Conclusion: Psychological risk factors and personality disorders comorbidities are more frequent than psychological risk factors only or personality disorders only in outpatient cardiology setting without cardiovascular diseases.
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