Central nervous system (CNS) disease triggering Takotsubo syndrome
Keywords:broken heart syndrome, stunned myocardium, Tako-tsubo, central nervous system, bleeding, stroke, seizures
Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) is usually triggered by psychological or physical stress. One of the many physical sources of stress are central nervous system (CNS) disorders. CNS disorders most frequently triggering TTS include subarachnoid bleeding, epilepsy, ischemic stroke, migraine, and intracerebral bleeding. More rare CNS-triggers of TTS include posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, encephalitis, or traumatic brain or spinal cord injury. TTS triggered by any of the CNS disorders needs to be recognized since adequate treatment of TTS may improve the general outcome from the CNS disorder as well. Neurologists need to be aware of TTS as a complication of specific CNS disorders but TTS may be triggered also by CNS disorders so far not recognised as causes of TTS.
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